A History of Courage, Strength, and Endurance

In late December 1915, 3rd Canadian Division was formed from units and formations that were deployed to France during the First World War, marking the beginning of a proud military tradition.  The Division was a fully manned and equipped combat division which distinguished itself in several campaigns, taking part in battles at Mount Sorrel, the Somme, Amiens, Vimy Ridge, Passchendaele, and the Pursuit to Mons. This wartime iteration of the Division was disbanded at the end of the First World War.

Reconstituted as the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division during the Second World War, it was the only Canadian Division to participate in the initial D-Day landings on the Normandy coast on June 6th, 1944, and played a key role during the campaigns in Normandy, the Channel ports, the Scheldt Estuary, the Rhineland, and the liberation of Holland. During the Second World War, soldiers of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division wore the French Grey divisional patch on the shoulders of their uniform to distinguish themselves, as they had done previously in the First World War. 

At the end of the Second World War and the return to Canada in June 1946, the Division was once again demobilized.In more recent times, 3rd Canadian Division was known as Land Force Western Area. Land Force Western Area was established on September 1st, 1991 as one of four area commands of the Canadian Army, and commanded all Regular and Reserve Army formations and units in Western Canada.  The line formations of Western Area included 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group, 38 Canadian Brigade Group, 39 Canadian Brigade Group, and 41 Canadian Brigade Group.

Also part of Land Force Western Area were 1 Area Support Group and its bases, 4th Canadian Ranger Patrol Group, and the Western Area Training Centre.  In more than 20 years, the formations and units of Western Area made enormous contributions to operations here in Canada, and in locales such as the Balkans and Afghanistan.

In 2014, Land Force Western Area was re-designated as 3rd Canadian Division. The change officially took place on June 6th, 2014, coinciding with the 70th anniversary of the Division's landing in Normandy. With this change of name, 3rd Canadian Division was permanently granted the French Grey identifying patch, and became realigned with its mighty, storied history.

3rd Canadian Division

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